Aglianico grape has probable Greek origins and in Italy it is found above all in the provinces of Avellino and Benevento in Campania. The Aglianico vine prefers volcanic soils, present in the territories where it offers the best results. Great wines are produced with the Aglianico grape, such as the Taurasi DOCG. The wines produced with Aglianico lend themselves to refining in wood, both in large barrels and in barriques. Aging in wood tends to smooth the tannins of young wines and sweeten the product, making it fine and harmonious. The spread of the Aglianico grape has endowed it with a very strong intravarietal and zonal variability which led to the registration in the National Wine Grape Register of two distinct varieties: Aglianico - cultivated above all in Taurasi in Campania - and Aglianico del Vulture - widespread in Basilicata. More recently, in-depth molecular, ampelometric and biochemical investigations, carried out by means of DNA and carried out by the Istituto Agrario di S. Michele all'Adige, have allowed us to establish that Aglianico and Aglianico del Vulture can be biotypes of the same variety having the same genetic identity, and that the differences would therefore be attributed more than anything else to the very strong phenotypic and genotypic variability, which occurred as a consequence of the ancient seed reproduction.