Friuli Venezia Giulia is a region of ancient winemaking tradition, with a concentrated production in the production of high quality white wines.
The most important white wines are Verduzzo Friulano, Picolit, Friulano (formerly known as Tocai), Ribolla Gialla. Among the red wines are to mention the Pignolo and the Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso. International vines are also very widespread.
The most interesting wine-growing areas are three:
1. Colli Orientali del Friuli and Collio, close to the border with Slovenia, are the neighboring areas in the province of Udine and the second in the province of Gorizia. Characterized by clayey soils, able to preserve the humidity for the dry season, they are exceptionally suitable for the cultivation of white grapes, including Verduzzo, Friulano and Picolit. With the former you get the Ramandolo DOCG, while the second produces the Picolit DOCG, both particularly fine sweet wines. Do not forget the Ribolla Gialla, which has had great recognition in recent years for the so-called Orange Wine (wines produced from white grapes, but which are vinified as if they were red wines, with a very long contact between the must, the skins and the fine lees, the yeasts and the lactic bacteria, this contact gives it the bright yellow color "orange" and makes them richer, full-bodied and able to age). For the red wines are to be mentioned the Schioppettino and the Tazzelenghe.
2. Friuli Grave, embraces the flat areas of the provinces of Pordenone and Udine. Although furrowed by the rivers Tagliamento, Isonzo, Torre and Medana, it is an area with rather dry soil, consisting mainly of pebbles and pebbles. Both white and red wines are produced, both with native and international vines.
3. Carso, an area between Gorizia and Trieste, which covers the south-eastern part of the region. Characterized by calcareous, arid, stony and ferrous soil. Area impervious and "extreme", there are cultivated, among others, "border" vines with neighboring Slovenia: Malvasia Istriana and Vitovska, white berry entances, and Terrano, red berry. Great attention to the territory, to the link with the environment and traditions.